# I-Abacus Learning: Ubuciko Basendulo Be-arithmetic Buba Yisimanje Futhi Bumnandi

Abacus Learning: The Ancient I-Art of Arithmetic Iba Yesimanje & Okujabulisayo

I-abacus, ithuluzi lamakhulu eminyaka ukwenza izibalo ze-arithmetic, ithola ukuvela kabusha ekudumeni njengoba othisha besimanje nabathuthukisi bohlelo lokusebenza bethola izindlela zokwenza lobu buciko bakudala bujabulise futhi bufinyeleleke kubafundi banamuhla. Kubhekwa njengendlela yokufundisa eyisisekelo kuphela amakhono ezibalo, i-abacus iphinde isize abafundi bathuthukise amakhono aqinile okubala kwengqondo, okuyenza ibe ithuluzi elibalulekile enkathini yedijithali.

## Ukuqonda i-Abacus: Okuyisisekelo

I-abacus iqukethe uchungechunge lwezinduku kanye nobuhlalu, induku ngayinye emele inani elihlukile lendawo ekubhalweni kwedesimali. Abafundi bangasebenzisa ubuhlalu ezindongeni ukuze benze imisebenzi yezibalo ehlukahlukene, okwenza i-abacus ibe ithuluzi elisebenza ngezindlela eziningi ukufunda nokuzijwayeza izibalo.

Enye yezinzuzo ezibalulekile zokusebenzisa i-abacus ikhono layo lokunikeza ulwazi oluthintayo, lokufunda ngezandla. Lokhu kusiza abafundi ukuthi bathuthukise ukuqonda okuphathekayo kwemiqondo yezibalo, njengenani lendawo, ukuhlanganisa, ukususa, ukuphindaphinda, nokuhlukanisa. Ucwaningo luye lwabonisa ukuthi ukufunda kwe-abacus kungaba yinzuzo ikakhulukazi ezinganeni ezincane, njengoba kushukumisa izindawo ezihlukahlukene zobuchopho ezinomthwalo wemfanelo wokuqonda, ukuxazulula izinkinga, nokuqwashisa kwendawo.

## I-Abacus Learning yesimanje: Izinhlelo zokusebenza kanye Nezinsiza eziku-inthanethi

Uma kubhekwa izinzuzo zokufunda i-abacus, akumangazi ukuthi manje sekunezinhlelo zokusebenza eziningi nezinsiza eziku-inthanethi ezinikelwe ekusizeni abafundi babe yingcweti lobu buciko bakudala. Lawa mathuluzi esimanje anikeza okokufundisa okusebenzisanayo, iziqondiso zesinyathelo nesinyathelo, nemidlalo ehehayo eyenza kube mnandi futhi kube lula kubafundi ukuthi bafunde futhi bazijwayeze ukusebenzisa i-abacus.

Ezinye izinhlelo zokusebenza ezidumile zokufunda i-abacus zifaka:

• Abacus Master: Lolu hlelo lokusebenza lunikeza inkundla yokufunda ephelele ukuze ukwazi ukufunda kahle i-abacus, ngezifundo ezipopayi, ukuzilolonga, nokuhlola okunesikhathi ukuze kusizwe abafundi babe nekhono ekusebenzeni kwe-arithmetic.
• Abacus Umqeqeshi: Idizayinelwe njengethuluzi elingeziwe labasebenzisi be-abacus, Umqeqeshi we-Abacus unikeza izikhathi zokuzijwayeza ezenza ngokwezifiso, evumela abafundi ukuthi bagxile kumakhono athile abawadingayo ukuze bawathuthukise.
• Abacus 3D: Ngesixhumi esibonakalayo se-3D esisebenzisanayo, i-Abacus 3D ivumela abafundi ukuthi basebenzise i-abacus ebonakalayo ukuze benze izibalo, banikeze indlela yesimanje nefinyelelekayo yokufunda lobu buciko basendulo.

Ngokungeziwe kulezi zinhlelo zokusebenza, kunamawebhusayithi amaningi nezinsiza ze-inthanethi ezinikeza okokufundisa, izivivinyo, nolwazi olwengeziwe lwalabo abathanda ukuhlola ukufunda kwe-abacus.

## Ezinye izindlela ze-Abacus: I-Electronic Mental Arithmetic

Nakuba i-abacus isalokhu iyithuluzi elidumile lokufundisa izibalo, kukhona ezinye izindlela zesimanje ezingase zibe usizo kubafundi. I-Electronic mental arithmetic (EMA) ingenye yezindlela ezinjalo ezihlanganisa ukusetshenziswa kwesibali esikhethekile nezindlela zokubala ngengqondo.

I-EMA yakhelwe ukusiza abafundi ukuthi bathuthukise amakhono aqinile okubala ngokwengqondo ngokubakhuthaza ukuthi bahlanganise ukucabanga, ukugxilisa ingqondo, nokubona ngeso lengqondo. Njenge-abacus, i-EMA ihlanganisa ukusetshenziswa kwethuluzi elingokoqobo - kulokhu, umshini wokubala - ukuthuthukisa ukufunda nokuqinisa imiqondo yezibalo.

Ezinye izinketho ze-abacus zihlanganisa ukusetshenziswa kwezinhlelo zokusebenza zezibalo zedijithali nezinsiza eziku-inthanethi eziklanyelwe ngokukhethekile ukuqeqeshwa kwezibalo zengqondo.

## Umlando kanye Nokubaluleka Kwamasiko we-Abacus

I-abacus inomlando omude futhi onezitezi, okucatshangwa ukuthi umsuka wayo usukela kumaSumer asendulo cishe ngo-2500 BCE. Itholakale ngezindlela ezihlukahlukene kanye nezinto zokwakha kuwo wonke umlando, kuhlanganise nezinguqulo ezenziwe ngokhuni, insimbi, netshe.

Kuwo wonke amakhulu eminyaka, i-abacus iye yafeza indima ebalulekile kwezohwebo nakwezentengiselwano, isiza abathengisi, abahwebi nabaqoqi bentela ukuba benze izibalo eziyinkimbinkimbi ngesivinini nangokunemba. Ezingxenyeni eziningi zase-Asia, okuhlanganisa i-China ne-Japan, i-abacus isasetshenziswa nanamuhla ngezinjongo ezingokoqobo nezemfundo, okugqamisa ukuhambisana kwayo okuqhubekayo nokuba wusizo.

Ukubaluleka kwamasiko kwe-abacus akunakubukelwa phansi, njengoba kusebenza njenge-a isikhumbuzo se ukufuna komuntu njalo ulwazi nenqubekela phambili emkhakheni wezibalo. Njengoba abathuthukisi bohlelo lokusebenza besimanje nabafundisi bejwayela leli thuluzi lakudala lenkathi yedijithali, kusobala ukuthi i-abacus izoqhubeka nokukhuthaza nokufundisa izizukulwane zabafundi ezizayo.